Can seeds from garden poppies be used like the ones you buy for baking? Ask an expert

The plant gross sales are right here and gardeners are revving up. You'll have some questions. For solutions, flip to Ask an Skilled, a web-based question-and-answer device from Oregon State College’s Extension Service. OSU Extension school and Grasp Gardeners reply to queries inside two enterprise days, often much less. To ask a query, merely go to the OSU Extension website , kind it in, and embody the county the place you reside. Listed below are some questions requested by different gardeners. What’s yours?

Q: Can seeds from backyard poppies be used like those you purchase for baking? – Lane County

A: Poppy seeds for baking come from Papaver somniferum, generally often called breadseed or opium poppy. This is similar poppy that opium comes from and whereas it's authorized to develop them within the backyard and purchase and promote the seeds, it's unlawful to fabricate opium from them.

Earlier than Papaver somniferum seeds can be utilized in baking they're rigorously dried and ready. This course of additionally removes the opportunity of critical unintended effects by vastly lowering the quantity of the opium alkaloid they comprise that permits them to be legally utilized in your kitchen. All components of poppies besides the seeds are poisonous, however they are often simply contaminated if not ready correctly. That is one thing that ought to solely be achieved by a good firm, so it is very important solely purchase poppy seeds to be used in baking from considered one of these corporations.

So, no, backyard poppy seeds shouldn't be utilized in baking. As a substitute save the seeds to plant and develop extra poppies within the coming seasons. California poppies are terrific crops which are native to Oregon and entice bees.

Extra data on breadseed and California poppies:

Top 10 Oregon Native Plants for Pollinators: California Poppy

Papaver Somniferum: Breadseed or Opium Poppy

--Jan Gano, OSU Extension Grasp Gardener

Q: I want to ask concerning the Pyrus calleryana. Is that this on Oregon’s nuisance tree checklist? I’ve been studying many articles concerning the decorative pear tree and the way it has taken over empty fields, forests, wetlands and farmlands all through america.

It has develop into an enormous nightmare in among the Southern and Midwestern states. Officers in South Carolina have added the Callery Pear/Bradford Pear tree to the state plant pest checklist. Ohio is banning the sale of the tree beginning in October 2024. Different states are engaged on related laws.

What's the standing of this tree in Oregon? I do know that it's at present being planted by builders as a preferred road tree in lots of Oregon communities. Actually, it strains the road of the brand new housing growth into which we moved a 12 months in the past. I'm hopeful that the state of Oregon will make it unlawful to proceed planting this tree. – Washington County

A: Callery pear has invasive traits that allow it to unfold aggressively. This tree is below remark and could also be listed on official invasive species lists within the close to future. A evaluation of dangers needs to be undertaken earlier than deciding on this tree for planting websites. The assorted cultivars of this species are extra generally accessible than the species itself. Callery pear has a weak wooden and department construction and is vulnerable to ice storm harm. Here’s some extra data. – Chris Rusch, OSU Extension Grasp Gardener

Ask an expert

False lily of the valleyOSU Extension Service

Q: These are taking on my fern backyard! What are they? – Clatsop County

A: That's false lily of the valley (Maianthemum ditatatum). This plant is an Oregon native that spreads through creeping underground roots and may develop into invasive. False lily of the valley likes moist to moist soil and shade.  It's a perennial.

Here is extra data. – Linda Holmes, OSU Extension Grasp Gardener

Ask an expert

How can I plant round these roots?OSU Extension Service

Q: We're clearing an space for a vegetable backyard. The complete space is below panorama cloth/weed barrier and a number of other inches of river rock. After we cleared the barrier and rock, we discovered very giant tree roots. We expect they belong to a tree that's now not there. (We're new to the home.)

The closest crops are giant yuccas and rhododendron. Can we take away the roots? Can we transfer the yuccas? The yuccas are roughly 8 toes tall. – Benton County

A: The next details about transplanting Yuccas is from the Arizona Extension Service:

“Most yuccas might be dug, the injured and diseased roots pruned off, and transplanted instantly or held in shaded, open-air storage for a number of days to permit roots to heal. Pruning the tops isn't really helpful. The transplanted plant can profit from a shade fabric draped over them. Take away the tarp on the first indicators of multinational and progress. Transplants could take years to reestablish of their new places. Don't apply fertilizer to newly transplanted crops. "  

As for the roots, I agree that they appear to be from a tree that was beforehand eliminated and never out of your current panorama. Eradicating these roots could show to be laborious and time consuming.  Relying in your soil kind, you would possibly take into account bringing in backyard soil and placing raised beds over the roots. The roots will finally decompose on their very own.  You would additionally use a powered auger to dig holes for vegetable transplants.  Grasp Gardeners all through the state are holding plant gross sales the place you will get vegetable begins in addition to different landscaping crops. You'll find a plant sale in your county here. – Deborah Kern, OSU Extension Grasp Gardener

Flame azalea

Azaleas like filtered shade and do finest with morning solar and afternoon shade. File photograph.

Q: I've a 20-year-old exbury azalea that not often places out multiple to 2 blooms every season. It's planted in morning shade and filtered afternoon solar and is nicely mulched. Even utilizing low nitrogen fertilizer and fertilizer for acid-loving crops, as I've been doing for years, will nonetheless not make it bloom. The plant seems wholesome and is loaded with new spring progress. What else ought to I be doing to assist it bloom? – Polk County

A:  There are a variety of causes that an azalea could not bloom nicely, the most typical being climate and premature pruning.

Test your plant by way of the season to see if there are any flower buds that type however fail to open. This may very well be an indication of winter harm, or presumably different environmental stresses associated to summer time warmth and drought. Azalea roots are usually shallow, so it is very important preserve three to 4 inches of mulch throughout the foundation zone (however indirectly towards the trunk.) And whereas azaleas take pleasure in a great watering, ensure there is sweet drainage since they don’t like soggy, compacted soil. 

If there are not any buds in any respect, it might be as a result of the plant is getting an excessive amount of shade. One Extension supply signifies that azaleas “like filtered shade and do finest with morning solar and afternoon shade. They particularly want some safety from our scorching July and August afternoons.” Additionally, make sure you prune quickly after the traditional bloom time ends. Any later pruning could take away the flower buds for the subsequent season. Fertilize after evenly blooming however proceed to restrict the nitrogen since it may produce quite a lot of vegetation on the expense of blooms. – Lynne Marie Sullivan, OSU Extension Grasp Gardener

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