Jefferson City Baking Company – Part 2


John Sommerer owned the Vienna Bakery at 302 E. Excessive St. when he discovered fellow bakers to put money into a brand new enterprise.

The Jefferson Metropolis Baking Firm (JCBC) was included Feb. 9, 1909, and was valued at $6,000. The unique buyers had been Julius Conrath (30 shares), John Sommerer (30 shares), Joseph Stradkoetter (30 shares), Emil Mueller (15 shares) and Fred Mueller (15 shares).

The Muellers had the East Finish Bakery at 626 E. Excessive St. Julius Conrath's bakery was at 224 E. Excessive St. and Joseph Stradkoetter was its baker. The aim of the brand new firm was to "manufacture and promote bread, desserts, confectionery and such different items as are normally manufactured in a bakery."

The corporate bought the lot on the southwest nook of East Excessive and Chestnut in 1909 -- the handle was 830 E. Excessive St. John Sommerer was president and supervisor, and Fred Mueller was treasurer for the corporate.

In line with newspaper accounts, "At the moment, the constructing was small, the gear restricted and the bakery, with however one oven, bought some 1,000 loaves of bread a day."

"At the beginning, the corporate employed six males and all deliveries had been made with two horse-drawn wagons."

The adjoining property to the west was bought in 1917 and manufacturing was expanded. In August 1918, a grievance was made to the Justice Division that JCBC was "placing rye bread available on the market with a label bearing the image of Prince Henry of Prussia, a brother of the Kaiser with an inscription within the German language." Sommerer admitted such labels had been getting used, however new labels had been ordered bearing the inscription "American Magnificence Bread" and the 250,000 labels readily available could be destroyed.

The Sunday Information reported in 1929 the corporate had 4 flooring containing: "Retail division, packing and transport division, wrapping division, mixing division, kneading, weighing, molding division, ware rooms and storage. There's additionally a refrigerating system and an ethereal, mild getting older room for all of the flour used within the numerous merchandise turned out.

"Immediately it takes twenty-six individuals to hold on the work of the bakery and ten huge vans to do the delivering over a radius of seventy-five miles. As well as, they ship giant quantities by specific, parcel publish and bus routes.

"These ovens are monstrous, containing sufficient brick alone to construct ten ten-room homes. The depth of those ovens is fourteen ft and the width twelve ft. Six thousand loaves of bread an hour could be baked in them. They're heated by coke."

The corporate's main vendor was Quaker Bread in its "new stream-lined wrapper." Chillicothe, Missouri, claims to have had the primary mechanically sliced industrial loaves produced in 1928, utilizing a machine invented by Otto Rohwedder.

The Jefferson Metropolis Baking Firm was not far behind. A 1935 article within the Sunday Information and Tribune reported, "The slicing machine runs the loaf via a set of vertical blades, which cuts it into even slices, saving the housewife an excessive amount of work. Then, within the wrapping machine, the loaf is so tightly and punctiliously wrapped that no air can enter to spoil the freshness of the bread." The identical article says the corporate produces 10,000 loaves of bread a day in addition to pastries and different bakery merchandise.

This bakery was identified for the model names Quaker, Mr. Freshie and Hobo Bread. They baked Vienna, rye, carraway rye, gluten, graham, salt rising and well being bread. As well as, they baked desserts, rolls, buns and cookies.

The Jefferson Metropolis native of the Bakery and Confectionery Employees Worldwide Union of America referred to as a strike Sept. 2 towards Jefferson Metropolis Baking Firm and two different bakeries in Jefferson Metropolis. The businesses had refused a union contract offering shorter hours and better pay. However enough non-strikers remained at their posts to maintain manufacturing at regular ranges. Six employees walked out and 11 employees remained at JCBC. Sommerer said, "We simply merely cannot meet their calls for and keep in enterprise." The strike was lastly settled Oct. 21, however Sommerer refused to rent again two of the strikers.

John Sommerer died in 1966 on the age of 95. He was a member and previous president of the Missouri Baker's Affiliation, previous director of the American Baker Affiliation, a director of the Central Missouri Belief Co. for 35 years and served as a decide on the Cole County Court docket.

John Jr. and Carl Sommerer labored exhausting to maintain the corporate going within the Sixties. Carl Sommerer Jr. speculates "different bakeries within the nation had been rising bigger and on the lookout for new markets. A type of, or maybe a number of -- Metz, Holsum, Continental or one other -- turned very aggressive with predatory pricing available in the market by which JCBC operated." The corporate couldn't compete and went out of enterprise.

Holsum Bakeries occupied the constructing in 1969 after which moved to West Dunklin after which there was now not a bakery at 830 E. Excessive St.

Deborah Goldammer is a retired state worker with curiosity in Jefferson Metropolis historical past. She is a former officer and board member of Historic Metropolis of Jefferson.



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